ELISA operates primarily through its Working Groups. Membership of the Working Groups allows services to take a proactive role in influencing collaborative project development in the city. The Working Groups are practical and decision making bodies and members work together to further the aims of ELISA. The Working Groups report to the Business Committee.
Working Groups can be set up on a key issue whenever a need is identified. This provides member services and institutions an opportunity to take a lead in directing important collaborative developments. There are three Working Groups operating at present (2013). They focus on the following issues: